Mycorrhizal trees

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Mycorrhizated plants and trees

Niscalero pines, truffle mycorrhizated oaks, boletus producing trees, mycorrhizated rockrose, inoculated thistles

MYCorrhizated trees and plants

We have selected different species of mushroom producing trees and plants. Niscal pines with different strains of chanterelles, oaks and rockroses mycorrhizated with boletus, apple trees with perrechiqueros and other species of trees with mycorrhizal mushrooms. Plant them in your garden or directly in the bush and harvest mushrooms in a few years.

What is a mycorrhizal tree?

A mycorrhizal plant or tree is the symbiotic association between a mushroom or fungus and another plant species, plant or tree. This type of symbiosis occurs naturally in nature and both parties to this association benefit from it, fungi and plants. In fact, it is naturally possible for several species of fungus to mycorrhizate with a single species of tree.

It could be said that this is the first step in the expansion of new species, because without the colonization of fungi, the new plant species would suffer a lot to adapt. They would not have the help of the fungus and in most cases would not be able to grow.

The Greek etymology of the word mycorrhiza already describes what it is. Mico (fungus) and rriza (root) advance how the association occurs.

Types of mycorrhization according to species

Not all trees or plants receive the same type of mycorrhization. There are some plant species that only mycorrhizate with a single species of fungus and others, such as trees, that can mycorrhizate with several at the same time. Depending on the number of associated fungi we can find ectomycorrhizae and endomycorrhizae.

Ectomycorrhizae form small bumps attached to the roots. They are common in trees, for example truffle oaks.

Endomycorrhizae, typical of herbaceous or shrub species and of some trees such as olive trees, do not modify the shape of the roots

Advantages of mycorrhization in plants and trees

Pines, oaks, chestnut trees and in general all mycorrhizal trees and plants benefit from this symbiosis between plant and fungus. On the one hand, they increase their capacity to absorb nutrients and water as they add the fungal hyphae to their roots. On the other hand, the fungus protects the roots against external aggressions from other fungi or pests

But the fungi also benefit. In the same way they manage to absorb nutrients that the roots of the tree or plant receive that otherwise they would not be able to absorb by themselves, for example those generated by the action of photosynthesis, which fungi and mushrooms cannot perform.

Mushrooms associated with trees and plants

Some species of fungi and mushrooms only develop under symbiosis with certain plant species, trees and plants. These are mycorrhizal fungi. Thus the truffle mycorrhizae with holm oaks, oaks and hazelnut trees. The chanterelles mycorrhizae with pines and the boletus with some species of conifers, oaks, chestnut trees. Therefore, if we want to collect these mushrooms we should plant the corresponding mycorrhizal trees

Types of mycorrhizal trees and plants

In La Casa de las Setas we have selected mycorrhizal specimens from certified nurseries to guarantee the success of plants and mushrooms once they are transplanted. As a fundamental requirement, it would be to choose varieties that already occur in the area we want to plant. This will not only enhance the expansion of mushrooms but also guarantee that the soil is suitable and the necessary conditions for their development are already met in the plot.

If you would like to plant truffle oaks, niscalero pines or chestnut trees with boletus, contact us and we will explain you the best way to plan this wild mushroom plantation